Messerschmitt Bf109 Recognition Points
The early unarmoured cockpit canopy used on the B, C, D and Earlier E series aircraft. Note the curved top.
The square armoured canopy first used on the E series and then continued in use on the F and G series. Note the flat top. Spanish post-war "Buchons" used the same layout.
The "Erla hood" (sometimes called the "Galland Hood") which gave improved view. Introduced on late G series aircraft and continued for the "K" series. Post war Avia S-199s used this canopy.
|1. The chin radiator and
bulges above the exhaust, which are set high up on the nose show this
is a Merlin powered Hispano "Buchon" Produced post-war in Spain. Often
seen in Films and TV shows masquerading as a "109"
2. The Rounded spinner was a feature of the F G and K series, but the large "bumps" over the nose (over the breaches of the larger 13mm machine guns) were first introduced in the G series.
3. A very rare bird. The very large air intake on the side of the nose is for a DB600 engine as used in the D series. Because of shortages of DB600 engines most of the D airframes were fitted with Jumo engines and therefore looked like the earlier B and C series.
4. The angular chin radiator of the B and C series (Jumo 210 engine).
|1. The Classic tail of a
Bf109. The bracing strut was used on the B, C and E series aircraft.
2. The F and G series did away with the bracing strut (the tailwheel also retracted).
3. Late model G and all K series aircraft had a redesigned tail made of wood.
The classic Bf109 E series of the Battle of Britain. Note the braced tail, the flattened spinner, the engine exhaust set low on the nose. The E, F, G and K models all had a small oil radiator under the nose while there were larger engine cooling radiators under the wings. The earlier B and C series lacked the under-wing radiators, having only the large chin radiator under the nose. D series aircraft with the DB600 engine would have had wing radiators.
All B, C, D and E series aircraft had squared-off wingtips, whilst the F, G and K series (and the Hispano Buchon and Avia S-99) had rounded wingtips. The rare H series had extended wings with rounded wingtips.
The squared-off wings of a Bf109E
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